How was this data collected?

Most of the projects in the Database were added by one of us. But the ideal would be for those developing or managing those projects to provide their information directly. Crowdsourcing the data will allow ensure a wider diversity of entries and projects, as well as some feedback on the categorisations of peacebuilding themes, objectives and functions of technology.

How did you organise the data?

In order to collect and use the data contained in the Build Peace Database more effectively, we designed ways of characterising the projects – by objectives, themes and functions of technology.

Developing categories is always tricky – not everyone’s view of peacebuilding can be represented, there are definitional overlaps, projects can refer to different categories, and choices must be made. By making this categorisation as dynamic as possible, we hope to refine it over time into something that is both useful and meaningful to the Build Peace community and beyond. So please don’t hesitate to contact us with your feedback on how we can make this better and more useful for you.

What can I do with this data?

The Build Peace Database is an open platform for research and analysis, and as such the data contained in the Database are available for use without any kind of fee. Please get in touch if you would like more information.

 

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Click to enlarge


Definitions

Peacebuilding

So on the peacebuilding front, we have chosen two ways to categorise the projects: objective and broad thematic area. Because the focus is on technology for peacebuilding, it makes sense to be able to say whether some objectives are most often tackled through certain types of technologies. Similarly academics and practitioners often look at peacebuilding through a thematic lens – gender and peacebuilding, or governance, security sector, etc. So we thought it would be equally interesting to be able to identify the breadth of technologies used for each of those themes. Again the list is not exhaustive and will be regularly updated to reflect new and additional information provided.

Objectives

A peacebuilding objective is the primary goal of the project. This list is not exhaustive and will be regularly updated with inputs from the community on the types of peacebuilding objectives people work to achieve.

Conflict analysis attempts to get a comprehensive understanding of a conflict situation or setting, including, though not limited to, its nature, causes, main actors and dynamics, most often to inform subsequent programming in the region or area.

Early Warning programs aim to collect and analyze information in a fragile or conflict-affected context that can provide an early indicator of changes or deterioration in the situation. Warnings are then shared with early responders, who can intervene to prevent escalation. EWER programs can be run by government organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) or civic networks.

Governmental negotiation processes, including but not limited to diplomacy and ‘official’ peace processes.

Initiatives fostering collaboration between groups in a conflict setting are often an important component of peacebuilding programs. These initiatives may be simply opportunities for contact between different groups. Such contacts can develop into inter-group networks of connectors that support peace messaging and activities to prevent conflict.

Attitudes and behaviors towards the “other” in a conflict setting are often critical stumbling blocks for peaceful change. Many peacebuilding programs focus on challenging prevailing attitudes and encourage behavioral change, often by providing opportunities to learn about the other and spaces to build new narratives about inter-group relations.

In some contexts, the ultimate goal of peacebuilding programs is to change a public policy, whether directly addressing a conflict (e.g. agreeing to a peace deal) or indirectly contributing to conflict (e.g. peaceful management of a disputed territory). Peacebuilding programs in these contexts often aim to build support for policy change and communicate this to policy-makers.

A process that reinforces individual, institutional or community skills and knowledge, through financial, technical, material and infrastructural assistance as well as knowledge and skills transfer by focusing on participation and local ownership (Türk 2009: 34).

A process of providing feedback on the a project or programme, in terms of whether the project aims were met, but also on the impact a project or programme is likely to have had in the context in which it was deployed.

A focus on training and/or education of specific groups in the population.

Themes

A peacebuilding theme represents the broad thematic area a project covers. It includes recognised peacebuilding ‘sectors’ of activity, such as governance, justice, security, but also other cross-cutting themes such as gender and youth.

Governance concerns ‘the rules, institutions, processes that form the nexus of state-society relations where governments and citizens interact’ (Brinkerhoff 2007: 1). It include formal governance in the work of the government of a country or region, including elections, but also informal systems of governance.

Security covers ‘all activities aimed at the effective and efficient provision of state and human security’ (Hänggi 2009: 337), including effective police and military, small arms control, DDR, as well as some activities related to preventing violence and conflict such as early warning mechanisms or countering dangerous speech focused on governmental response.

Justice is a broad theme that covers activities aimed at addressing the legacy of former violence, ‘including judicial and non-judicial aspects to ensure that its main goals – of truth-seeking, reparation, enforcement, and sanctions – are attained’ (La Rosa & Philippe 2009: 368). It includes more specific themes like human rights, digital forensics, etc.

Reconciliation is a ‘process that allows a society to move from a divided past to a shared future, with a focus on society rather than governments’ (Hazan 2009: 256). It includes collective and/or individual identity formation processes, perceptions and stereotypes, as well as cross-cultural endeavours.

Economy includes the private sector, entrepreneurship, issues of employment (and unemployment).

Non-violent alternatives refer to the more general promotion of peace and non-violence as an alternative course of action in conflict contexts or globally as awareness raising.

Youth covers work that seeks to address issues facing the sector of the population up to around 30 years old, depending on institutional or cultural definitions.

Gender covers work that seeks to address issues of masculinities along with femininities; sexual and gender minorities’ issues and the role of men and women as both perpetrators and victims of violence, including sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV).

Religion includes activities focused on the role of religion, religious practices and identities in peacebuilding.

Tech and innovation refers to a growing number of initiatives bridging the tech and peacebuilding communities that focus on harnessing the power of new technologies and innovation to help build peace generally.


Technology

In terms of the technology, we are including various ways to describe the technology – in terms of hardware and software requirements, and in terms of the function the technology serves the project. Again these functions are drawn from early work in the emerging field of technology for peacebuilding, notably by Kahl and Puig Larrauri (2013) and Welch et al. (2014). Together these studies have identified various functions of technology that have been observed in tech-enabled peacebuilding projects. The Build Peace Database will start by using a combination of these frameworks and update as necessary/relevant as a result of the crowdsourced input into the Database.

meaning digital data

gathering: to collect new or existing data

visualization: to present data in a visual context (maps, or any other type of visualization)

aggregation: to collect and present data and/or information in a way that re-purposes its organisation (for example summarises, re-organises, categorises, etc.)

is a function that focuses on people’s ability to exchange data and information.

information sharing: to share stories, information, facts from various perspectives

new narratives: to develop a new or alternative version of events prevalent in a particular context

more voices: to incorporate both a wider range and larger number of inputs into the public domain.

is a function that focuses on the ability to create real and/or virtual network of potential global reach.

management: to coordinate projects, expertise or interventions via a technology platform

alternative space: to provide an alternative to the physical, geographical space inhabited by those experiencing conflict, or those who might have a stake in the conflict

is a function that focuses on coordinating or influencing people into or for different types of action.

engagement: to create new ways for people to influence or take an active part in a project, issue or their community

crowdfunding: to request funds for projects via an online platform